WordPress Beginner: What is WordPress Gutenberg?

Gutenberg(WordPress Gutenberg) is a new block-based editor that debuted with WordPress 5.0 in December 2018. It signifies a major shift in the way WordPress users produce and modify content, moving away from the traditional TinyMCE editor and toward a more modern and flexible editing experience. Gutenberg’s main innovation is the concept of “blocks,” which lets users to generate and organize text in a more visually intuitive manner.

The following items are emphasized in the figure:

  • Inserter: A panel that allows you to insert blocks into the content canvas.
  • Content canvas: The content editor, which holds content created with blocks
  • Settings sidebar: A sidebar panel for customizing the settings of a block (among other things).

A Block is a distinct element, such as a paragraph, heading, media element, or embed. Each block is regarded as a single element, with its own editing and formatting capabilities. When all of these components are combined, they form the content that is then stored in the WordPress database.

Gutenberg is WordPress’s “block editor,” and it introduces a modular approach to site customization. Individual content blocks on posts or pages can be edited. Add and change widgets. With complete site editing support, you may even create your site’s headers, footers, and navigation.

Each piece of material in the editor is its own block, from a paragraph to an image gallery to a headline. WordPress blocks, like actual blocks, may be added, positioned, and rearranged, allowing users to construct media-rich content and site layouts in a visually straightforward way – without the use of workarounds such as shortcodes or custom HTML and PHP.

The following are the main features and elements of the WordPress Gutenberg editor:

Block-Based Editing:

Gutenberg’s key principle is the usage of blocks for content generation. Users can enter numerous types of content blocks, such as paragraphs, headings, photos, galleries, videos, quotes, and more, instead of a single, huge text area.

Drag-and-Drop Interface:

Gutenberg’s drag-and-drop interface allows for a more natural and visual editing experience. Users can simply rearrange blocks on the page by dragging and dropping them into new positions.

Reusable Blocks:

Users can save customized layouts or content sets as reusable blocks. This functionality is very handy for those who want to keep their content consistent or who routinely employ specific design components.

Customization options:

Each block has its own set of customization choices, allowing users to change font size, background color, text color, and other variables. The sidebar panel allows quick access to block options.

Full-Width and Wide Alignment:

Gutenberg now supports setting blocks to full-width or wide alignment, allowing for more diverse and dynamic layouts.

Block Patterns:

Block patterns are pre-designed layouts consisting of several blocks that may be added with a simple click. This tool makes the process of building complex page structures easier.


Gutenberg is fully responsive, allowing users to write and edit content on both desktop and mobile devices.


Gutenberg is designed to work with current content generated using the old editor. Existing content is automatically transformed into blocks when upgrading to WordPress 5.0 or later.


Developers can develop custom blocks and enhance Gutenberg’s functionality with plugins. This adaptability enables the incorporation of new features and content pieces.

Ongoing Development:

Regular updates and enhancements are made to the Gutenberg project, which is always changing. The block editor is still being developed, with assistance from developers and the WordPress community.

The introduction of Gutenberg represents a significant shift in how content is created and edited in WordPress.

image 26
BLocks Theme

Gutenberg has become an essential component of the WordPress editing experience, providing a more contemporary and adaptable approach to content creation, despite initial resistance from users used to the old editor.


Add a beautifully designed, ready to go layout to any WordPress site with a simple copy/paste.


Block components. No code. Just click and insert content.

Build block themes 

A block theme is a sort of WordPress theme that is constructed using blocks. In the Site Editor, you can modify any aspects of a block theme.

Since version 5.9, WordPress has supported block themes. Block themes, like the Styles interface, are part of the new site editing tool. Block themes are often known as full site editing themes. Discover more about the site editing function.

The benefits of block themes

Why should you create block themes? While WordPress continues to support classic themes, block themes are built to improve scalability and performance.

  • Block themes enhances loading performance by loading styles only for rendered blocks on a page
  • Block themes are not required to manually enqueue stylesheets for both front-end and editors
  • Theme.json handles all aspects of add_theme_support()
  • Accessibility features such as Skip to content, keyboard navigation, and landmarks are generated automatically without adding additional code
  • With a block theme, the user can edit all parts of their website without code
  • By using the Styles interface, users can customize colors and typography for the website and for the blocks

Differences and similarities between classic themes and block themes

Classic themes:Block themes:
Uses PHP files to display parts and content.Uses HTML files to display blocks.
Uses PHP files as a fallback if WordPress can not find the HTML file.
single.html is the equivalent of using single.php.
Uses the template hierarchyUses the template hierarchy
Uses PHP functions such as template tags to display contentUses blocks for everything.
The post content block is the equivalent of using the_content().
Use PHP functions to make text translatableText in HTML files is not translatable.
Block patterns can use PHP functions to make text translatable.
Uses PHP functions for if/else conditionalsUses block settings to achieve different results
Uses the loop to display different posts and post typesUses the query block and the post template block
Can use widget areas (sidebars) and widgetsUses blocks instead of widgets. Widgets included in WordPress have been converted to blocks.
Can use the CustomizerUses the Site Editor. Can optionally enable the Customizer menu
Must register a navigation menu to include a menuUses the navigation block
Can register a custom headerUses blocks to fully customize site headers including images
Can register a custom logoUses the site logo block
Can enqueue custom CSS and scriptsCan enqueue custom CSS and scripts but relies more on blocks and the theme.json configuration file
Can use theme.json, but theme authors need to enqueue the styles for the front.Can use theme.json, and the styles are enqueued automatically to the editor and front
Can place template files in the root directoryPlaces template files in the templates folder
Can place template parts in any directoryPlaces template parts in the parts folder
Can not create and edit site templates like 404 and archive pages in the Site EditorCan create and edit site templates like 404 and archive pages in the Site Editor
Can create and edit block templates in the Template Editor with theme supportCan create and edit block templates in the Template Editor
From WordPress

File structure

patterns (dir)/Folder Name
      - example.php
parts (dir)
      - footer.html
      - header.html
      - 404.html
      - archive.html
      - index.html (required)
      - singular.html
style.css (required)
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